Red River

In 2000, there was a ballot proposition for a light rail line in Austin. If the measure had passed the vote, Austin would have a robust light rail system running from downtown all the way out to 183 along the Drag and North Lamar Boulevard. It was, and still is, the most heavily traveled bus corridor in Austin, at the time carrying the 1L, 1M, 101 and bits and pieces of other routes that happened to pass by UT and downtown. And with good reason: The corridor has the highest population density and job density of any in the city. If built, the line would carry 40,000 passengers each day and cost $300 million — numbers very similar to the successful Houston MetroRail, which happened to begin construction the following year. 

The 2000 vote in Austin, however, failed by a very thin margin — eight tenths of a percent. As a result, Capital Metro substituted the MetroRapid buses for the light rail, and built the completely separate Red Line commuter rail.

Fast forward to now — Project Connect, a partnership between the City of Austin, Cap Metro and other transit agencies, will be putting a questionable light rail plan to the vote in November. Phase One of the construction would consist of light rail starting at the Austin Convention Center downtown, running north along San Jacinto Boulevard and Trinity Street to pass by the east side of UT, then jogging over to Red River to the Hancock Center, crossing the existing Red Line with an expensive bridge or tunnel and following Airport Boulevard to the derelict Highland Mall.

This line would carry half the passengers per day that the 2000 proposal would. At a hefty price tag of $1.4 billion in taxpayer dollars, though, it’s not much more than a shiny, expensive version of the bus route 10, and it’s such an awful plan that even former Cap Metro transit planner Lyndon Henry is against it.

What happened? Why did Project Connect choose this route, instead of retrying the Guadalupe-Lamar route? While the 2000 vote failed, it still passed within the city limits of Austin, whose residents are the only ones voting on the bond initiative this time around. Has anything significantly changed about the city that makes this corridor better? 


Smooth Ride, or Bumpy Start?


Let’s look at some real-life examples of light rail systems around the country. The aforementioned Houston MetroRail was planned as an upgrade to the most heavily traveled bus corridor and designed to be a backbone to the transit network of the city. The initial segment followed a near-straight line from downtown Houston to an outlying park-and-ride near the former Astroworld amusement park, tying together popular destinations and job centers such as the Texas Medical Center, the Museum District, Rice University, and the Reliant Stadium complex. This was the north-south axis of job density across the center of Houston. In other words, light rail just made sense there. 

And it saw packed trains from Day One. By the end of 2004, the year the Houston MetroRail opened, it saw 33,000 boardings on a typical day. The line has since been extended on the opposite side of downtown, and two more lines are being built as I write. They plan on expanding the system even further to stitch together all the employment centers of the city as well as beefing up the bus system to serve all the Houstonians farther away from the rail system. For such a car-oriented city, Houston is doing a fantastic job of balancing out its modes of transportation.

But an equally car-oriented city, San Jose, has been struggling to make its light rail system work since its inception. In the late ‘80s, when everyone was scrambling to buy a Macintosh or a PC with Windows 3.0, the local governments of the booming Silicon Valley wanted to complement the growth with a light rail system. With the Santa Clara VTA’s bus network to build off of, they were taking a huge gamble. The plan they came up with was one linking the downtown of San Jose, some neighborhoods of single-family homes, and vast expanses of parking lot with small office buildings peppered throughout. They crossed their fingers, expecting the rail line to induce growth, with tightly-packed office buildings and homes replacing the scarcely populated parking lots, driveways and front yards. This was the only way the light rail system could score enough riders to keep it financially stable.

Today, the Santa Clara VTA Light Rail has failed to live up to its projections, carrying 30 percent fewer passengers at an operating cost 30 percent higher than the average light rail system in the United States. It costs taxpayers in the rest of the region $10 to subsidize every round trip, and less than 1 percent of the county’s residents even ride the trains regularly. It’s important to note: There is such a thing as bad light rail. 

How does this compare with the plan here in Austin? If the 2000 Guadalupe-Lamar plan had passed, our city would have a light rail system similar to the one in Houston. It would serve all the existing walking-oriented parts of the city, including Downtown, UT, the Drag and West Campus as well as some other areas that would be more conducive to walking if they were given a little push, like the Triangle and the area around Lamar and Airport Boulevard. Trains would have been packed from the day the line opened.

And all it takes to make a San-Jose-style light rail line is to move a good line a mile east. The Project Connect line still passes through Downtown and UT but eschews state office buildings to instead serve downtown parking garages and follows San Jacinto Boulevard, an incredibly inconvenient route for the cash-cow West Campus riders. North of the University, Red River is full of low-density residential areas, with vociferous neighborhood associations that will fight tooth and nail to prevent the neighborhood from getting denser. The closest this line gets to a dense business district is near the HEB at Hancock Center, which is still an island in the middle of an ocean of parking lots. We shouldn’t put rail where we think density may be at some point in the future — rail should go where density already is.


The Consequences of Building the Wrong Route


“Won’t it take another ten to fifteen years for another light rail proposal to be put to a vote? Austin needs rail now to fix congestion!”

This is an argument I’ve unfortunately heard quite a lot. Despite what any politician says, public transit doesn’t do anything to relieve car congestion — it simply provides an alternative to it. Consider New York City: Driving around Manhattan is hell, and will likely be that way for the foreseeable future. But fortunately, there’s a cheap, quick way of getting around that is immune to car congestion, and that is the New York Subway. You may end up on a crowded train with your face in someone’s armpit for a while, but at least you’ll get to where you’re going on time.

The only way to reduce car congestion is to make it less convenient to drive. But few people want more toll roads or a higher gas taxes — unpopular ideas. So, Austin will see congestion for as long as people drive cars.

As for the lengthy waiting period, it isn’t as lengthy as it seems. It happened to be 14 years between this light rail proposal and the previous, but the average turnaround time is about 3.8 years - and grassroots organizations like AURA are working to make it even shorter. We shouldn’t rush into a bad, expensive plan if it won’t take us that long to wait for a good one.

So what if this rail line isn’t perfect? Why should we let the perfect be the enemy of the good? As it turns out, this rail route can’t even be considered good — it’s worse than building nothing. CapMetro’s Red Line commuter rail is running at full capacity, but still needs a whopping $18 subsidy for every boarding, or in other words, CapMetro loses $18 every time someone rides the Red Line. The commuter buses it replaced only needed a $3 subsidy for every boarding. So what did CapMetro do to compensate for this hefty loss? They diverted money from serving the bus system, resulting in route removals (anyone remember the Cameron Road and Wickersham Lane shuttles?) service cuts and fare hikes (or as Cap Metro calls it, fare restructuring).

This rail is something Austin can’t afford to screw up. No matter what, this proposition will only make transit worse if it passes. The resulting reduction in bus service will only encourage us, and everyone around us, to drive more - the exact opposite effect of what a transit project should do.

If you feel that cutting more bus routes will help Austin grow and develop, go ahead and vote “yes” on Proposition 1.

At least Austin will get a shiny choo-choo.

Smalley is a computer science senior from Katy and a member of Austinites for Urban Rail Action.

Clay Johnston, inaugural dean of the Dell Medical School, speaks to media after the new medical school’s ground-breaking ceremony on Monday morning. The Erwin Center and Cooley Pavilion site will be relocated in order for the new school to be built on the intersection of 15th and Red River streets.

Photo Credit: Jonathan Garza | Daily Texan Staff

The University launched construction of the Dell Medical School on Monday during a groundbreaking ceremony with state, city and University officials in attendance.

The medical school will feature an education and administration building, a research building, a medical office building and a parking garage, totalling 515,000 square feet. The predicted cost is $334 million and will be located at the intersection of 15th Street and Red River.

Seton Healthcare Family, which runs several hospitals in Austin, committed $295 million last year to build a teaching hospital for students enrolled at the medical school. The school is scheduled to accept its first class of students in 2016. 

At the ceremony, President William Powers Jr. asked the speakers at the event and community members in attendance to write one word on a poster board, summarizing their individual hopes for the medical school. Powers wrote, “Innovation.” 

“If we all express our hopes and then pull together to make those hopes a reality, we will have a true treasure in our community and a great new source of health and healing,” Powers said.

Clay Johnston, dean of the Dell Medical School, said he wanted to focus on advancing medical practices in the new facilities. 

“We have a responsibility to take advantage of our newness, to test out different ways of doing things that could become models for the rest of the country,” Johnston said.

State Sen. Kirk Watson, D-Austin, who has supported the addition of a medical school in Austin, said the school will transform the Central Texas area. 

“We’re all going to experience this transformation — it will be big,” Watson said. “Really, it probably had to be big. I don’t know that this community would have come together for something incremental, something folks might or might not notice as they went about their lives. We invested in something that will change what it means to live in Central Texas.” 

Mayor Lee Leffingwell and UT System Chancellor Francisco Cigarroa attended the event. In February, Cigarroa announced he is resigning as chancellor in order to practice medicine full-time as head of the pediatric transplant team at the UT Health Science Center at San Antonio.

“It, fundamentally, really brings a focus, at least for me, that education saves lives,” Cigarroa said. “It’s extremely meaningful because I well know how lives are going to be impacted for the better as a result of this.”

Construction for the medical school will result in various road closures, while the University works to complete multiple construction projects simultaneously. The Erwin Center, along with the Denton A. Cooley Pavilion site, on Red River will be relocated in the next six to 15 years to make room for the medical school.

Because of the extensive construction on Red River, the road will be closed between 15th Street and the Erwin Center between May and December. 

Powers said he hopes the medical school will contribute to advancing the Austin community. 

“It’s a great day for Central Texas,” Powers said. “It’s a great day for health.”

Senior outfielder Mark Payton leads the Longhorns’ lineup with a .361 batting average, but has struggled to find his swing in the last few games. Texas will need his bat if it wants to perform well against Oklahoma this weekend.

Photo Credit: Sam Ortega | Daily Texan Staff

When Texas travels to Oklahoma this weekend, it will be competing for a lot more than Red River bragging rights.

The Longhorns will try to continue their recent Big 12 success after dropping a tough game to Rice 7-2 Tuesday night. Texas was held to a season-low one hit against the Owls, but head coach Augie Garrido believes the loss was a valuable learning experience.

“Absolutely [it’s a learning experience], because it hasn’t happened to us before,” Garrido said. “The thing we want to do is separate the emotional bad feelings, or embarrassment or whatever you want to call it. Everyone is going to be affected a little differently emotionally. We are going to take that out of it, and we didn’t discuss it tonight. We are going to take from it the positive things that they need to recognize when they are in that state of mind.”

Garrido’s squad is 5-1 in its last six conference games and is coming off of a sweep of Baylor last weekend, the team’s first since last season. Prior to the Rice game, Texas had successfully tallied at least six hits in 13-straight games. 

“I think we were satisfied with a lot of the wins that we had and the two wins we had over [Rice] earlier and took a less than highly competitive frame of mind in the game,” Garrido said. “That is the first time we have done that. But, I don’t want it to sound like we turned the game over to [Rice].”

If the Longhorns want to take control of the Big 12, they can’t walk into Norman, Okla., without a competitive state of mind. The Sooners are 4-2 in the Big 12 this season, with a combined batting average of .294 and an ERA of 3.05. 

Senior center fielder Mark Payton, whose .361 batting average has carried the team this season, will need to step up his game consistent this weekend. Texas has averaged 5.8 runs per game over its last 13 contests, but Payton has only compiled four hits and two runs in the last seven games.

Freshman Tres Barrera has led the team over the past 13 games with a .382 batting average during that span. Since March 11, Barrera has raised his batting average an astounding 156 points while compiling 15 RBIs and 11 runs. 

The statistics are fairly even for the two teams, but the Longhorn pitching staff will be the key to taking down the Sooners, who boast a combined .294 batting average this season. As a staff, Texas pitchers rank No. 5 in the country with a 2.13 ERA this season and are holding opposing hitters to just a .222 batting average.

Texas and Oklahoma sit at No. 1 and No. 2 in the conference, respectively, and a strong showing this weekend could go a long way in distancing Texas from the pack.

Texas showed its northern foes which side of the Red River breeds true rivals this weekend, downing both Oklahoma and Oklahoma State, 4-3. Going into the series, OU held the No. 3 ranking in the country and sat atop the Big 12 conference.

Competing against Oklahoma on Friday, Texas opened conference play in strong fashion to extend its undefeated home record to 9-0. The win, Texas’ first against Oklahoma since 2010, also marked the program’s second against a top-five opponent this season.

“Oklahoma’s top four are brutally tough, and we gave ourselves chances,” head coach Michael Center said. “Then we got the job done,” head coach Michael Center said.

On Sunday, the Longhorns executed a second impressive performance against Oklahoma State. The 4-3 advantage, led by sophomore Nick Naumann, improved the Longhorns to 2-0 in Big 12 play.

“Nick is gaining conidence and learning the importance of managing emotions well,” Center said.

Sunday’s match concluded the fourth of five final matches before the Penick-Allison Tennis Center is torn down to construct the Dell Medical School.

Significant traffic changes and delays will result from the closure of Red River Street on April 12 and preparatory roadwork on 15th Street beginning March 30, according to the University’s Parking and Transportation Services.

Red River will close in order to be realigned for the Dell Medical School Project. The affected section of Red River, from 15th Street to MLK Boulevard, is scheduled to reopen in January. According to a University email, MLK Boulevard and Trinity Street will also experience “significant changes to traffic patterns and flow.”

UT spokeswoman Rhonda Weldon said Parking and Transportation Services has already made arrangements with the different stakeholder groups in the area of campus where Red River is closing.

“We’ve done some replacement parking for spaces in [Longhorn] Lot 108,” Weldon said. “We will allow for deliveries down Red River and emergency vehicles whenever necessary [during the closure]. 15th Street is going to change to allow for an emergency room entrance for Seton [Medical Center].”

The Frank Erwin Center, located on Red River Street, will alter parking to facilitate those attending events at the center, according to Weldon.

“Many of their patrons will park in the Trinity Garage and state garages off of Trinity,” Weldon said. “We plan to use directional signage that assists Erwin Center patrons with wayfinding [to the center], and those will go up on construction fences once they’re erected.”

Capital Metro spokeswoman Melissa Ayala said CapMetro will also have to implement changes due to the street closure and roadwork.

“Capital Metro will [create] detours around the affected streets when closures begin,” Ayala said. “We will post signage at stops indicating where riders should catch their bus. As with any street closure, we assess the affected area and determine where service can be rerouted with the same area.”

Photo Credit: Mengwen Cao | Daily Texan Staff

South By Southwest has grown from a 700-person festival in 1987 to one of the largest festivals in the world. This year, SXSW featured more than 2,000 musicians and drew celebrities and thousands of guests to Austin, posing a greater risk to guest safety.

“The city is definitely bursting at its seams a little bit every time South By comes,” said Robert Quigley, journalism lecturer and long-time SXSW guest. “We enjoy having all these visitors in town, but I think at some point, they are going to run out of hotel space and places to hold their events.” 

Early Thursday morning, Rashad Owens crashed through barricades on Red River Street, killing two pedestrians and injuring more than 20 others.

Even with blocked-off streets for pedestrian traffic and security presence, incidents, such as the one on Thursday, are still a possibility. 

Dan Solomon, a reporter for Texas Monthly, has been attending the festival fairly regularly since 2000 and covered this year’s festival.

“That accident sounds like it was one of those outlier incidents that you can’t prepare for,” Solomon said. “At the same time, I think that the size of things kind of opens it up to things not going as planned.” 

Quigley said he believes accidents like Thursday’s could happen any time, not only during SXSW. He was unable to attend this year’s festival but has been following the events on the news. 

“It could have happened on a weekend where there is no festival because in Austin, there are big shows on Red River all the time, so it’s not really connected to South By in my mind,” Quigley said.  

One of the concerns being raised by the wreck at this year’s festival is whether or not the event has finally met its maximum capacity. SXSW is scattered in bars, clubs and even churches around the densest areas of Austin. This creates increased street traffic but hasn’t really been more than an annoyance before this year. Despite the hazards of having so many people spread around the city in small venues, this up-close experience offers a more personal setting in comparison to festivals including the Austin City Limits Music Festival, which are limited to one area, such as a park.

“At ACL, it’s cool but watching people from a football field away — I’ve done that,” Solomon said. “It doesn’t feel like a unique experience.”

The City of Austin recognizes the inherent challenges that come with a crowded, widespread festival and continues to monitor attendee safety and adjust accordingly. 

“Keeping our visitors and residents safe is, and continues to be, our number one priority,” Carlos Cordova, a City of Austin spokesman, said in an email. “The City does a tremendous job handling SXSW, Formula One, ACL Music Festival and other large events. Much like these events continue to evolve each year, we are constantly reviewing how we can improve our practices. As with any event, we will engage in a thorough review of our practices once SXSW has concluded and make any necessary adjustments.”

One of the challenges with SXSW is balancing its increased foot and car traffic with Austin’s everyday, already busy streets. Prior to the crash on Thursday, the festival had barricades set up routing traffic, which had created a safer pedestrian environment in the past. 

“It is hard to say that if they had done ‘X’ instead of ‘Y’ that they would have been safer,” Solomon said. “In this particular incident, yeah, they could have had a concrete barrier, but let’s say someone has a heart attack on Red River, and they need to get them out of there, and they can’t get an ambulance through.” 

After Thursday’s incident, cones were set up to create crosswalks with volunteers directing traffic. Police were also stationed along the barricades at Red River to increase guest and resident safety. 

Photo Credit: Elisabeth Dillon | Daily Texan Staff

The Red River Rivalry is as significant of a game to Texas and Oklahoma as they come, causing a slew coaches to lose their jobs while immortalizing others throughout the game’s storied history.

Mack Brown was hired at the University of Texas on Dec. 4, 1997, and started his own Red River legacy in style. Led by eventual Heisman winner Ricky Williams and a freckle-faced freshman Major Applewhite, the Longhorns routed the Sooners in the Cotton Bowl that Saturday in 1998, 34-3. The Longhorns would go on to finish the season 8-3, and appeared to be a program on the rise.

While Brown was busy trying to resurrect the Texas program that year, Bob Stoops was coaching the defense for the “Ol’ Ball Coach” (Steve Spurrier) at Florida, helping lead the Gators to a victory in the 1998 Orange Bowl over Syracuse.

Stoops was hired to replace John Black as the Sooners head coach on Dec. 1, 1998, and immediately began to turn things around.

Stoops didn’t have an ideal start to his own Red River legacy, but his impact was felt. Facing a Longhorns team that would eventually go on to play for the Big 12 championship game in 1999, his Sooners jumped out to a 17-0 lead with the first quarter winding down. The Longhorns would eventually find their footing and come back for the victory, but the first quarter of that game in ‘99 was a serious act of foreshadowing for Texas.

Brown’s honeymoon with the Longhorns faithful came to an abrupt end in 2000, when Bob Stoops and the Sooners provided the first of four WWE-style beat downs on the Longhorns in the their time coaching against each other. Quentin Griffin ran roughshod on the Longhorns defense, scoring six touchdowns en route to a 63-14 shellacking.

The next four years didn’t go any better.

Stoops would continue to own Brown, highlighted by another massive victory over the Longhorns in 2003 when they drummed the Longhorns to the tune of 65-13.

Brown seemed to have no answer to his Sooners problem in Dallas, and it cost him dearly. The road to Big 12 titles and the national championship went squarely through the Cotton Bowl, and the Longhorne fan base was beginning to turn on their head coach, referring to him as “Mr. February” for his prized recruiting classes but inability to win big games.

After five consecutive demolitions in Dallas, the sun started to shine on Brown again. Vince Young led the Longhorns to their first Rose Bowl victory in 2004, and finally snapped the losing streak to the Sooners in 2005, giving the Sooners a bit of their own medicine with a resounding 45-12 victory. Mack would fight back the next five years, going 4-1 against Stoops and leading the Longhorns to their highest highs since Darrell Royal was roaming the sidelines.

And then it all unraveled.

The debacle that was 2010 happened, and the Longhorns haven’t seen a victory in the Cotton Bowl since, getting trounced by a combined score 118-38 in the latest two meetings.

Mack’s record against Bob Stoops in the Red River Rivalry is 5-9, and with an impending loss looming Saturday. In what could be Brown’s final season, the Red River Rivalry will
always be a blemish on what has been an otherwise impressive tenure in Austin.

For all the good that Brown has brought to Texas, his inability to consistently keep up with Stoops will forever be mentioned as to why he couldn’t reach even greater heights.  

This weekend the Longhorns will begin their quest for a conference title against No. 21 Oklahoma and No. 75 Oklahoma State.

Texas will take on the Sooners in Austin tonight at 6 p.m., and then take on the Cowboys at 1 p.m. Sunday.

Today’s showdown looks to be a good match, as there are six ranked singles players and four ranked doubles teams between the two teams. Texas is led by No. 64 freshman Soren Hess-Olesen and junior Daniel Whitehead, who is No. 97 in singles. In doubles, the team is led by the No. 27 ranked duo of junior Chris Camillone and sophomore David Holiner, followed by junior Ben Chen and Whitehead at the No. 50 spot.

Oklahoma is led by No. 17 Costin Pavel, No. 82 Peerakit Siributwong, No. 90 Guillermo Alcorta and No. 94 Dane Webb in the singles lineup. In doubles, the duo of Paval and Webb are ranked No. 13, while Tsvetan Mihov and Siributwong are ranked No. 71.

The Sooners (10-3) are coming off a 7-0 shutout over TCU and a 5-2 win over No. 18 Tulsa in their last appearances on court. Texas started their match against Tulsa last week, but weren’t able to finish the match because of a rain delay. However, Camillone and Holiner were able to get the upset over the then-ranked No. 5 doubles team, which was also defeated by Oklahoma’s No. 13 duo earlier that weekend.

Although Texas didn’t get to finish the match against Tulsa, they were able to come back and defeat UT-Permian Basin 6-0 to give head coach Michael Center his 400th career win.

This matchup is also important in terms of conference standings. The Longhorns are picked to finish on top in conference play, followed by the Sooners in second place. Oklahoma’s three losses came against Ole Miss, Pepperdine and Virginia, who also handed the Longhorns one of their five losses on the season so far.

Oklahoma State will start their conference play against No. 25 Texas A&M today, and will then travel to Austin to face the Longhorns. The Cowboys defeated Creighton earlier this week to move to 7-7 on the season and are ranked No. 75. the road.

Printed on Friday, March 30, 2012 as: Texas opens conference play against Red River rivals OU

Security guard Dave Mesa looks at the graffiti that has accumulated over the past 19 years in Emo’s Green Room, Monday afternoon. Demolishing of the outside stage has already begun leaving the rest of the venue open until after SXSW.

Photo Credit: Pu Ying Huang | Daily Texan Staff

The corner of Sixth Street and Red River will be less loud and lively due to the upcoming closure of the outside stage of well-known music venue Emo’s.

Emo’s manager Mike Staples said the changing landscape of downtown Austin is responsible for Emo’s gradual transition to a newer and more equipped venues in East Austin.

“Our venue is not going in the direction that downtown wants,” Staples said.

To continue the wild and free character Emo’s has been famous for since 1992, the owners have recently opened a new venue called Emo’s East on East Riverside Drive, Staples said.

“It’s a state of the art venue with capacity for 1,700 people,” Staples said. “There is a nice patio, lots of parking space and indoor air-conditioning.”

Staples said he is sad to see the removal of the outdoor stage because many famous acts have played there and contributed to Austin’s title of “Live Music Capital of the World.”

“Everyone from Johnny Cash, Wu-Tang Clan, The Melvins, Damian Marley and so many more have played there,” Staples said. “It’s a legendary stage. Everyone will miss it.”

Bartender Randy Conrad said he wasn’t happy about the closure of the outside stage and said there isn’t much time left before it is finally gone.

“We have to move everything out of there by Friday,” Conrad said. “It’s sad to see this go, but we are moving on to bigger and better things.”

Conrad said the entire Emo’s downtown venue will eventually transition into a new small-sized venue in East Austin.

“The inside stage will be here through the next South By Southwest and then we will be looking for another space to open a smaller venue alongside the new Emo’s East that opened recently,” Conrad said.

The employees of Emo’s weren’t exactly sure who purchased the space or what will replace it.

Emo’s sound engineer Brian Bash said that Emo’s doesn’t feel the same with one of it’s major stages preparing to shut down. He also said he was honored to see Toronto punk band Death from Above 1979 play the last show to take place on the outdoor stage.

“It’s a little eerie,” Bash said as he was organizing the cables and effects pedals for that night’s performers. “It’s been around for so long and now it’s all cleaned-out.”

Radio-television-film and government senior Cameron Jones said he knew how famous Emo’s was before he moved to Austin and that it’s sad to see a symbol of Austin’s music scene removed.

“Emo’s is a fixture of Austin,” Jones said. “If the city wants to still be seen as the Live Music Capital of the World, then it’s inconsistent to pressure Emo’s to change what they do.”

Printed on September 20, 2011 as: Downtown loses historic punk venue Emo's